What is Internet Bandwidth?What exactly is bandwidth? It’s usually used interchangeably with Internet speed, but more specifically, it is the measurement of how fast data can be sent over a wired or wireless connection. Larger bandwidth means more data can flow through at the same time at a faster rate.
1. Number of Users
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, nearly three-quarters of small businesses have fewer than 10 employees. (The federal government categorizes a small business as one that, among other things, has fewer than 500 employees.)
And, just like your home Internet, your bandwidth will be affected by the number of users connected to the network at once. Now, you’ll obviously count up all of your employees, but you’ll also want to factor in clients or customers who may also log onto your network.
As a general rule of thumb, you’ll need about 10 to 15 Mb per employee.
2. Number of Connected Devices
The next thing to consider is the number of connected devices on your network. Let’s say you have a law firm with six employees and about four clients who come in at once. On the upper end, you’ll want 150 Mb of bandwidth.
Then factor in this stat: the average employee in the U.S. uses at least two devices per day for work, one study shows. So, your business bandwidth would then be spread over 10 people and 20 devices, using the same scenario above. That, too, will up the ante on getting the best internet speed for your business.
3. Online Activity
And the last big thing you’ll want to think about is everyone’s online activity. The good news is that your business won’t have to worry much about peak Internet usage because those hours typically fall in the evening between 9 p.m. and 1 a.m. But, you’ll likely be running more rigorous applications depending on your industry.
It’s important to note that run-of-the-mill activities like email and web browsing won’t take up a lot of bandwidth, but more complex activities — like a voice over IP phone system, file sharing, backup services and cloud-based services — will require faster speeds.
Use the chart below to answer your questions about bandwidth consumption by activity, like how much bandwidth does video conferencing use.
If you aren’t sure you’re calculating correctly — or if what you’ve calculated doesn’t seem to be right — try classifying your business operations this way:
— The average small business — with 10 employees or fewer — that uses email and web browsing only can likely get by with 5 to 10 Mbps.
— The average small business using VoIP phone services and conferencing services can get by with at least 25 Mbps.
— The average small business that downloads large content, uses file sharing, cloud- or web-based applications or programs and backup services will need at least 50 Mbps.